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Sunday, 28 June 2009

Proses Konseling

Cormier & Hackey (dalam Gibson & Mitchell, 1995:143) mengidentifikasi empat tahapan proses konseling yakni membangun hubungan, identifikasi masalah dan eksplorasi, perencanaan pemecahan masalah, aplikasi  solusi dan pengakhiran. Sedangkan Prayitno (1998:24) menyebutkan bahwa ada lima tahap proses konseling yakni pengantaran, penjajagan, penafsiran, pembinaan dan penilaian. Soli Abimanyu dan M. Thayeb Manrihu (1996) mengklasifikasikan konseling perorangan kepada lima tahap yang diawali dari pengembangan tata formasi dan iklim hubungan konseling awal, eksplorasi masalah, mempersonalisasi, mengembangkan inisiatif, mengakhiri dan menilai konseling.

Berdasarkan pendapat ketiga ahli di atas, terdapat kesamaan pentahapan dalam konseling perorangan. Dapat disimpulkan bahwa proses konseling perorangan dilakukan dalam lima tahap yakni tahap pengantaran, penjajagan, penafsiran, pembinaan dan penilaian. Adapun teknik-teknik yang dipakai dalam membentuk dan menyelenggarakan proses konseling pada umumnya disebut teknik umum. Sedangkan teknik khusus yaitu teknik-teknik yang diterapkan untuk membina kemampuan tertentu pada diri klien (Prayitno, 1998:28).

KEPUSTAKAAN

Gibson, R.L. & Mitchell, M.H. 1995. Introduction to Guidance. New York: Macmillan Publisher.

Prayitno. 1998.  Konseling Pancawaskita. Padang: FIP 

 

Comments
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Ridhona Jaya  - Masukan     |125.162.124.xxx |05-09-2009 09:53:13
Saya berharap semoga point tentang proses konselingnya lebih diperjelas dan
lebih di drafkan lagi, jadi orang-orang dapat mudah mengerti tentang hakekat
proses konseling tersebut.
Terimakasih
iday  - Masukan   |202.73.114.xxx |10-09-2009 08:59:22
Saya seide ma Mas Ridhona, secara apalagi saya temasuk peminat yang sangat
pemula banget dalam ilmu ini. Terutama dalam proses penjajagan, penafsiran,
pembinaan terhadap klien khususnya anak tingkat sltp...SEmoga bermanfaat tuk
semua pendidik,,amin
Ridhona Jaya  - Kepada iday   |125.162.117.xxx |12-09-2009 00:10:31
oh iya iday....klo mau lebih jelasnya ternyata ada di arsip pada situs ini, dan
lebih jelasnya lagi di mAKALAH dan ARTIKEL BK AHMAD SUDRAJAT....
Terimakasih
jhoni eka putra  - jhony   |125.162.90.xxx |23-09-2009 01:30:52
terima kasih.... tetapi alangkah baiknya dalam penjabarannya disertai dg contoh
ungkapannya...
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